Canary Island Date Palm

Scientific name: Phoenix canariensis

Fact Box:

  • Order: Arecales
  • Family: Arecaceae
  • Genus: Phoenix
  • Species: P. canariensis


The magnificent Canary Island date palm is a slow-growing, evergreen palm tree native to— you guessed it— the Canary Islands of Spain. With a rounded crown consisting of over a hundred feathery fronds, this palm tree may take decades to grow to full height. The leaf bases of past fronds form a diamond-shaped pattern that repeats up and down the palm tree’s thick trunk.


Canary Island date palms are very versatile, as they can be grown on a smaller scale in pots and resemble pineapples, or they can be planted directly in the ground and reach up to 60 feet when mature! However, they require some pruning and special care— Canary Island palms easily become deficient in potassium and magnesium, resulting in brittle, yellow leaflet tips and, in some cases, frond loss.